avatar February 11, 2012, 9:46 pm

EMT-Basic Level

by: Mike    Category: EMT Certification
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The EMT-Basic Level or EMT-B is the first “real” EMT level. Even though first responders are being the official first level, most of them are part time or volunteer in their community. If you want to work for an ambulance service or at a local government or hospitals, you will need to get your EMT-Basic Level certification.


EMT-Basic Level Requirements


While you should check with your specific State EMT Classes for all requirements, this is the general guidelines issued by the NREMT to enter in the EMT-Basic level training program:


  • Be older than 18
  • CPR card (or equivalent)
  • Have a valid driver’s license
  • Fingerprint and criminal record checked
  • Be free from any addiction (drugs or alcohol)
  • Be physically fit (some State requires a minimum of weight to be lifted)


It is important to know that some States will also require a 100% attendance rate to your EMT classes. People lives depend on your abilities; it’s not the time to miss some classes!


EMS shirtEMT-Basic Training Goal


The goal behind the EMT-Basic classes is to show you how to assess a patient’ conditions and manage respiratory, cardiac and trauma emergencies. EMTs are the first individuals who are giving pre-hospital care in an emergency case. Their job is to prepare care on the emergency scene and continue their work in the ambulance on their way to the hospital.


You will develop your technical skills along with your “emergency” reflex throughout your sessions.


After this EMT class, you will be able to work for an ambulance service. Therefore, you will be sufficiently trained to provide emergency care to patient and transport them to a hospital if required.


EMT-Basic Level Job Description


There is a very long list of what an EMT-Basic is able to do. To give you an idea, here’s a brief review of what you can expect to do on the job:

  • Respond to emergency calls
  • Provide immediate cares to critically ill and injured
  • Transport patients to a hospital
  • Drive the ambulance
  • Determine the emergency scene scope, number of patients and cause of injuries or illness
  • Placement of road flares
  • Redirecting traffic
  • Provide pre-hospital emergency cares (such as opening and maintaining an airway)
  • Assisting in childbirth (if you can’t reach the hospital in time)
  • Identify medical identification emblem prior to give care
  • Administration of a limited scope of medication (such as epinephrine, aerosol inhaler, oxygen)
  • Reassure your patients
  • Report directly to the emergency department or communication center


EMT-Basic Class Content


The EMT-Basic training consists in roughly 110 hours of classes along with time worked at an ambulance service or hospital (because you will learn a lot more in the action than at school). You first need to develop skills in syndrome recognition while mastering emergency care techniques and procedures within your responsibility. In this EMT class, you will learn the basic of bleeding control, airways management (including supplemental oxygen administration), positive pressure ventilation, splinting and transportation of patients. You will also learn to use Basic Life Support equipment and techniques and the usage of a semi-automatic defibrillator.


Here an example of a few classes you may have to assist:

  • Well Being of the EMT
  • Infection Control
  • Airway
  • Patient Assessment
  • Communication and Documentation
  • Pharmacology and Patient Assisted Medication
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Trauma
  • Pediatric Patients
  • Obstetric and Gynecology
  • HAZMAT awareness


How to successfully pass your EMT-Basic Level Exam


As you can see, there is a lot to cover before becoming an EMT and this is not an easy task. Fortunately, there are audio guides and practice test exams available so you can pass your exam the first time. Please keep in mind that the National average success for 1st attempt of the EMT-Basic level exam is 64%. You sure don’t want to be part of the 36% who fails, right? And mastering a 600-700 pages book seems to be a very though challenge. Fortunately, you can buy practice exams at a cheap price here.


If you want to find more information about your EMT State requirements or EMT salary in your area, click on the State of your choice here:


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